Far western Nepal is really far from Nepal. Here the word far means far in almost all the aspects. We mostly visit the eastern and central part. But why ? I don’t know; – may be it is far -may be we have some orthodox thinking that there is nothing in western and far western part of Nepal. And there is nothing if we expect something particular but it has really lots of things if we keep our eyes open.
It has nothing in the magnificent and barren mountains. Our eyes have familiarized our-self with the green path of forest in the hills/mountains and we have defined that as beauty. But far western has distinct type of vegetation and geology. I am not expert but as my study is focused in western part of Nepal therefore, I can say that this uniqueness is due to the poor strength of the Indian monsoon which originates from the Bay of Bangal. We can say that the high mountains affect the ﬂow of moisture air. It inﬂuences rainfall by acting as physical barriers causing less precipitation in the western most hilly areas than in the eastern part. Westerlies are the major sources of rainfall/snowfall in the area and their livelihood is heavily dependent on that snow/rain. In some part of the western Nepal both the westerlies and Indian monsoon are week therefore the land is really dry and they have unique vegetation and biodiversity.
Beside that western part of Nepal has comparatively higher latitudinal value than eastern. Commonly known as latitudinal diversity gradient (LDG), causes localities at lower latitudes generally have more species than localities at higher latitudes. I haven’t fully understood the causal relationship between rates of molecular evolution and speciation. However, it is believed that higher latitudes are often colder and drier than tropical latitudes which facilitates the habitat of limited species that can tolerate. In this western part of Nepal, there is not much diversity but there is uniqueness. Uniqueness in almost all the aspect. To understand this we need to understand how geology of Nepal is formed. It is formed by subduction of the Indian tectonic plate under the Eurasian/Tibetian Plate. During this process few species survived in these latitude but they became unique and they further breed to give further new unique creature. Therefore, in this part of Nepal we may not get high diversity/high number of species but the one we get will most probably be unique. Himalaya is home to diversity and uniqueness, for me it has lot to teach me .
Lets talk about our culture, our Nepali language is said to have originated from western part of Nepal. At this moment, I forgot the exact name of the place but these Khas people (who have now adopted other identities such as Chhetri; refer to the speakers of the Khas language, now called the Nepali language ) came all the way from Caucasus Mountains and settled in the Karnali basin. They are our source of language and identity but we have now ignored them. I still wonder how brave were, they to cross all those mountains in those years. We have now forgot where have we come from, where is our language source, how we came here. We are just leaping forward without caring.
Now, analogy to this, their language and words become offbeat to us and we often make jokes out of them. Here I just mean to say that we should not ignore anybody just because they are physically far and wears some old fashioned dress. Western and far-western part of Nepal is one of the source of cultural identity; we are just missing them and ignoring them from the mainstream development. All they need is respect and some good identity.
Today far western is really far from Nepal. Most of the people there talk in Hindi more fluently than in Nepali. Actually in most of urban area of the far and western part of Nepal, they speak the hybrid language of Hindi and typical Nepali(Khas). And each place/district has in some way different language than other. They call it as Doteli bhasa, Achhameli bhasa, these are just the hybrid language formed by mixing of ethnic language and other influences with the flavor of speaking tone.
It is cheaper and faster to go to India than come to capital of Nepal. The economy of many houses is mostly dependent on the jobs in India. Most of the people of western Nepal go to India for the work, though most of the people are known as the door keepers in the Indian subcontinent but they don’t have the better option to do and they have to run the family. In their homeland Nepal they don to have enough agricultural land for the crops to grow and eat food. Everybody has to survive in some way. And they just get ready to do whatever it comes in front of them and that brings some money back to home and enjoy the festivals but at the same time they also bring some diseases like AIDS. Some reports tell about this irony but the community tells that the society has much changed today, everyone is conscious about the possible causes of disease and most of the people are aware about it.
Far western is really far from Nepal yet it has complete mosaic of unique habitats and home to ingenious natural laboratory. We cannot just generalize it. We should increase tourism in these places. Both internal and international. There is road network in almost all the districts, it is equally developed and each district has to offer something unique to you.