Nawalparasi smell and excavator use in the churia foothill

What is the smell of Kathmandu.

I still don’t know and I wonder much.

Is it the smell of the mud each time after it rains or the smell of the pile of the garbage that are on the bank of the road. However, the smell of the Nawaparasi district was distinct.

Nawalparsi district lies in the Lumbini zone of western Nepal. Parasi is the capital of the Nawalparasi and it smells so sickening and peculiar to our nose but I don’t know if the locals did not feel it or let’s say they did not care about it. The bus stops at the Suwol to go to the Parasi (the capital of Nawalparasi district) and Sunwol smell different than the Parasi.  At first we thought it was due to some activities in one of the home but it did not stopped.

After we got off from the bus we spent some hours at the Sunwol and the smell was so loud. We went to the Parasi, the hot temperature and smell intermingled to give the different aroma out there. Then the next day we came back to Sunwol and the same smell was still ruling there. Then we stayed in the different places like Sivamandir, Kawosoti, Dumkibas etc. and I cannot say all the places had different aroma and smell but most of them where we went had different smell and it was more concentrated in the afternoons and the evenings.

The temperature was so hot, the average temperature was around 40.  In Nawalparsi there are few good hotels to stay.  In Sunwol there is sunshine; with ac and 24 hrs of light and fan service. I am saying fan because without fan you cannot think of staying in Terai or churia region in this summer. It is best medium to minimize the mosquito around you and keep the air circulating. Also Lamjung Tamu hotel in Dumkibas is the best place to stay; in that locality because of its spacious environment and good food. Other hotels are also good but if you are going there don’t forget to ask about the fan and the 24 hours light and search for spacious room to stay.


I was there for the Initial Environmental Examination (IEE) Monitoring. Actually, IEE is done for the small projects and it is done according to the Environmental Protection Rule schedule 5, Rule 7 and Environmental Protection Regulation 2054( Revised). I had been there for the monitoring of the extraction of the sand gravels and boulders form the rivers of that area. The extraction sites were far enough and we had to walk really hard. Actually, it would have been better if the District had help us but due to the inefficiency of the working environment of the district and nonfunctional of the vehicle of the district we had to find our own way.

The bridge is being seen; let’s walk this distance

Okay! Seems near; why to wait for next two hours for the bus to come and we are not sure if that will surly come so let’s march ahead through the river.

We were two of us in that spot so we started to move.

But it seems farther and farther even walking half an hour.

I looked at GPS it said still 3km to cover. We walked 10 min and it said still 2.9 km to cover. Woooo it was really hard for us to be in that bridge. In a scene we really enjoyed the walking in Terai the object seems near but as we start to walk to catch that object it never comes so easily; this is the beauty and peculiarity of the flat lands.

At this time, I am back to Kathmandu, I have got lots of pimples and black spots at my face( though I had used some preventive measure), while my friend have got some rashes at his body due to extreme hot weather.

At the end the journey was great, learned a lot about the Churia region.

The Churia or Siwalik region is usually located in between Terai and the middle mountain regions. It is comprised of sandstone, mudstones, siltstone, and conglomerates. It is the youngest, rugged and weakest physiographic region, and hence is extremely unstable and vulnerable to soil erosion. It is stretched in 33 Terai districts of the country, and incorporates about 12.76 per cent of the total area, where more than 15 per cent of the total population of the country reside. This region is very rich in biodiversity and other natural resources.

Due to fragile nature, in every monsoon rain carries lots of materials along with it in the churia region to become the angry devastating mood of the river.

The rivers possess good flow and are able to deposit significant amount of sediment in the downstream areas. Actually, local people should have access to the local resources and should be able to capitalize them for their socio economic development. The materials deposited by the river have the potential for use in the different construction activities and could be used sustainably for the overall development of the country.

We say the boulders and sand should not be extracted from the rivers, but in reality in case of Nawalparasi the boulders and  sand should be removed and instead of saying stop it; let’s make some money out of there and invest it to improve the watershed of the area. In some places like Kerunge khola and Aarung khola the river bed has reached so high and the next monsoon will add some meters in it due to the addition of the sand and gravels from the upstream. In those places the villages are being in lower elevation than the riverbed so if there is heavy rain the village will surely be under the sand and gravel. So the local and national authority should immediately take steps to remove that sand and gravel using the excavators.

Yes, our rules states that we should not use excavators in the rivers but there is different situation out there, if we are talking about saving churia, saving the ecology we should focus on the effective upstream watershed management, than stopping the extraction of sand and gravels.

Lets make some money from our own resources in the planned and managed way and use it for the effective development and benefit of the people of the area and country as a whole.


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